Sunday, May 29, 2011

Heehs gives special attention to two important facets of terrorism


Heehs, Peter. 2004 (1993). The Bomb in Bengal: The Rise of Revolutionary Terrorism in India 1900–1910. New Delhi: Oxford University Press. Heidegger, Martin. 1962 (1926). Being and Time, tr., John Macquarrie and Edward Robinson....
Edited by Peter Heehs. Delhi: Permanent Black. Gode, PK (1944). “The Chronology of Vijñānabhiks ̇u and His Disciple Bhāvagan ̇eśa, the Leader of the Citpāvan Brahmins of Benares.” Adyar Library Bulletin 8(1): 20–28. ...
Heehs, Peter, 'Foreign Influences on Bengali Revolutionary Terrorism 1902-1908', MAS, 28, 3 (1994), 533-56. Heesterman, J. C, The Inner Conflict of Tradition (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985). ...
1868. Geographical Fun: Humourous Outlines of Various Countries, with an Introduction and Descriptive Lines. London: Hodder and StoughtonHeehs, Peter. 1993. The Bomb in Bengal: The Rise of Revolutionary Terrorism in India, 1900–1910. ...
Although creativity has captured much scholarly attention since the 1950s (Heehs, 1997), its experience has been of less interest to psychologists than its nature and ways to foster it. Definitions of creativity abound: one that seems ...
One editorial preached, “Force must be opposed by force, deceit by deceit” (quoted in Heehs, The Bomb in Bengal, 84). Conspiratorial groups inspired by Jugantar made several assassination attempts in 1906 and 1907. ...
Peter Heehs, in his essay entitled, 'Shades of Orientalism: Paradoxes and Problems in Indian Historiography', 2003, brings out the stark contrast between nationalist Orientalism best exemplified by Sri Aurobindo and the European ...
In these documents, he uses Tantric expressions as a code language to refer, for example, to revolvers they were attempting to transport through the French postal system or to specific revolutionary actions (see Peter Heehs, The Lives ...
... (edited by Bruce Carlisle Robertson and Peter Heehs, respectively) somehow did not give a thought to Swami Vivekananda who, in terms of both his historical location and the manner in which he interpreted the Hindu tradition, ...
I take this useful heuristic classification of orientalist styles from Peter Heehs, “Shades of Orientalism: Paradoxes and ... In addition to the three colonial styles already mentioned, Heehs identifies three postcolonial styles of ...
The most serviceable short biography of Aurobindo is Peter Heehs, Sri Aurobindo: A Brief Biography (1989; reprint, Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1997). 68. Aurobindo, Life Divine, 8; Georges van Vrekhem, ...
Heehs argues that myth and history have traditionally been understood as "antithetical modes of explanation"; however, historians are becoming increasingly aware of the mythic nature of historical writing and are recognizing that the ...
... Modernity' with an extended discussion of 'orientalism', the increasingly contested concept at the heart of the multi-disciplinary debate stimulated originally by Edward Said. Peter Heehs' contribution in Chapter 10 of this volume ...
While I have benefited from reading the standard texts, I have found the brief biography by Peter Heehs of particular appeal. Early Lire Sri Aurobindo once famously said that his life 'has not been on the surface for men to see'.5 ...
... be seen to parallel the association of Indian nationalists such as Aurobindo Ghose and Bal Gangadhar Tilak with anarchists and revolutionary thinkers in Russia, Germany and Ireland during the early twentieth century (see Heehs 2004)....
of "revolutionary terrorism" in Bengal, India, at the turn of the century, where militant nationalists had direct ties to European anarchists (Heehs 1994). Finally, Dirlik demonstrates the many ways in which "anarchism was to play a ...
Heehs (1998:351). 44. Ghosh (1965). In 'The Life of Nationalism' (17 November 1907) Sri Aurobindo writes: ' Nationalism is an avatar and cannot be slain. Nationalism is a divinely appointed sakti of the Eternal and must do its God-given ...
Beyond Bhakti: steps ahead-- - G. Rajagopal - 2008 - 235 pages - Snippet view
... freedom to innovate" (Peter Heehs 2002: 416). By overall, the Bhakti Movements of ancient and modern periods have a Universal appeal. As such, the movements were open to all, irrespective of caste, creed, sex, language and religion, ...
Connecting Cultures - Emma Bainbridge - 2007 - 178 pages - Snippet view
Describing the tellingly-named Anushilan Samiti (the society of practice), a secret terrorist cell set up in Calcutta in 1902 by Aurobindo Ghose and his brother Barindrakumar, Peter Heehs points out that the brothers 'first tried. ...
Now I have to add the names of Peter Heehs, Raghuramaraju, Javeed Alam, Shasheej Hegde, Satish Saberwal, and Sanjay Palshikar; especially Sanjay, for I literally cornered him with my drafts, and he has always spared some time to comment ...
This Book Describes A Moment In History Which Became A Landmark On The Map Of The Anticolonial Struggle, But Which Nationalist Historiography Did Not Sufficiently Engage With-The Revolutionary Movement In Bengal.
herd; a perpetual reiteration of some startling novelty can alone please the crowd. Each favourite is like an actor from whom the audience expect from day to day the usual passion or the usual farce. Paradox &c novelty therefore thrive; ...
As Peter Heehs opined in his review of Wendy Singer's Creating Histories: Oral Narratives and the Politics of History-Making, narrative accounts are fine and good, but "when their basis of factuality departs, they transmigrate into ...
Peter Heehs, for example, has argued that the similarities between the post- 1920s Hindutva and nineteenth-century 'Hindu revivalism' as represented by Vivekananda, Bipinchandra Pal or Aurobindo are basically superficial while the ...
Sri Aurobindo by now acquired the foundational basis to give expression to his own creative talents in the wide and luminous range of universality characteristic of an 12 Peter Heehs, Sri Aurobindo, p. ...
The Mother: the story of her life - George Van Vrekhem - 2000 - 545 pages - Snippet view
Today Barlet's name may not ring a bell, but, as Peter Heehs wrote, he should be regarded as the brain behind the French occult revival. 'He knew and was known to everyone that counted.' Not only was he a founder- member of the Paris ...
Peter Heehs justly concludes that the exclusion of the Muslims 'cut the revolutionaries off from a potential source of strength'.26 Professor Amalendu De truly assesses that Pulin Behari could not ...
house arrest, he escaped from India and went to Germany, Italy and Japan, meeting Axis leaders in all three countries. In 1943 he took up the leadership of the Indian National Army (INA), composed largely of Indian troops captured by ...
His revision was so thorough that many new pages and even several chapters were added — according to Peter Heehs the greatest volume of prose Sri Aurobindo had written after terminating the publication of ...
Where uncritical legend has taken the place of fact Heehs provides a probably more accurate account than any found in ... Heehs gives special attention to two important facets of terrorism that perhaps have some contemporary relevance. ...
As Peter Heehs points out: "During the first two decades of India's independent existence there was little organized terrorism in the country. But during the late sixties left- wing Bengali insurgents began resorting to terrorist ...
Although careful to avoid direct participation in overt acts of terrorism, he was considered the very soul of the revolutionary movement Peter Heehs' study considers Aurobindo Ghose and the origins of revolutionary terrorism at the turn ...
The next year was notable not only for the revival of the strike movement, but also for the start of the Bardoli satyagraha, which compelled the Bombay government to reduce an unfair revenue increase. In the midst of all this activity ...
Sri Aurobindo, a brief biography - Peter Heehs - 1989 - 172 pages - Snippet view
subjectivity, but not the false subjectivity that equates the self with the individual ego. There must be an effort to find the universal self that is one in all. When a critical mass of self-realized individuals comes together, ...
The slightest challenge to any official decree was taken seriously (Heehs 1993) since it was felt that control would be impossible unless the people were totally restrained. In this system, the people felt the power of the ...
Other Sources T. Dayanandan Francis, The Mission and Message of Ramalinga Swamy. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1990. ML Thangappa, Songs of Grace. Pondicherry: All India Books, 1985. Vallalar's Home Page
ON THE SELECTIONS, TRANSLATIONS AND EDITORIAL NOTES The texts and authors chosen for inclusion in this reader are generally those regarded by the traditions in question to be the most important and most representative. ...

Thursday, May 19, 2011

If rationality is removed too soon


Back to philippe's Comment Comment on Issues of inclusion v exclusion in Auroville
by Rod  in reply to philippe Last Updated: May 15, 2011
Phillipe - This is Rod responding on Robert's computer, for technical reasons.
I see what you are talking about, and am aware of the occult point of view or explanation of things. But I prefer the philosophical approach, for a couple of reasons.
If there are dogs at the gate, which I agree that there are, and asuras using people for their hostile purposes, which there are, we still have to deal with the humans. Even if we have realized, and not only noticed, both the darkness and the light, and are relatively liberated, the manifestations are still there. So what do we achieve with this kind of interpretation? The dogs have to be removed, the falsehoods exposed, and the social sphere engaged through educational, political, spiritual and other means.
The other reason is that it can happen that people begin to imagine that their role as representatives of the dark forces and the light forces are destined and they assume that this is hat they are supposed to be doing; they justify and intensify their behaviors instead of changing them. One of the results of this pattern, which can be seen in Auroville, is a kind of mass paranoid psychosis. Instead of addressing the behaviors of people in a direct and rational way, people are overcome by their fears and their righteous delusions, etc.
I prefer using Occam's razor, if possible. The law of parsimony was effectively used to combat religious obscurantism during his time as well.

Back to Rod's Comment by Vladimir  in reply to Rod Last Updated: May 15, 2011
Good points, Rod.
Yes, it is important while ‘trying to be spiritual’ to remain also human and rational at the same time not changing too soon into ‘spiritual’. If rationality is removed too soon before it has completed its painful transformational work, the dogmatic approach may take over and spoil our attempt to become spiritual by dragging us back to a dogmatism and religious obscurantism. And we know very well by experience what it means. And since our aim is an integral realization, which includes matter and physical life, we must remain both spiritual and rational, allowing a new way of being to emerge.  
This implies to be critical, but, again, not overcritical.

I can spend a little time to help educate here on the true nature of yoga. Here is my definition (I am writing a book on it): "Yoga is a psycho-political ideology designed and perfected by the great Hindu sages of the past to rob you off of your intellect. Once you have been robbed off of your intellect, it has psychological, psychiatric, and political consequences potentially leading you to commit suicide."
I shall wait for your response. GB Singh
Posted - Thu May 19, 2011 2:17 am

Sunday, May 15, 2011

Who stays as permanent resident of Golconde


From Sunil sunilauro@gmail.com to tusarnmohapatra@gmail.com date 6 January 2011 12:01 subject For posting
Give back the Ashram to whom it belongs.

People come and go, but what is permanent is the force and power that sustains them and is the source of all harmony and support behind the existence, for without it nothing can exist and all may perish given the capacity of any individual or power. So it is wiser to work for that which is permanent, which is all love, which is our true self hidden behind these cloaks of ignorance run by ambition and power and possession which lead to no lasting satisfaction. How are we to make this shift from personal greatness to the greatness of all, how we can serve the community instead of my personal preferences, how we can serve the Divine which is abiding in all that exists. One way is to see what divides and what unites. If it unites it has a greater use, if it divides it makes us what we already are the small ego. But are we going to remain the small ego or take part in the big movements that are flowering around us. Are we going to ride the waves of progress, beauty, harmony and strength or close ourselves in our dark little box and expect things to go our way. What is it going to be for the seekers of perfection, for the aspirants of a higher life, for well wishers of the Ashram, for the disciples of Sri Aurobindo. If we are to be a little of the worthy of the Mother’s love we need to give ourselves to Her, to see how She would do things, how She would tirelessly pour Her love on all of us. How She would patiently guide and protect us and carve the way of the future for the new world so that we may live, be and experience the wealth that is known only in the Heavens.
Are we going to say no to Her gifts just because we want power for ourselves, what use is such power if in spite of being a Trustee one is surrounded by conflict, is busy protecting its power in any which way possible, is busy feeling the pressure of misdeeds surmounting, is busy taking credit in oneself for the praise and respect that people give to a Trustee, is busy juggling between the position and self greatness to an opening of failure, is busy recruiting soldiers for personal protection and support, is smashing all that stands in one’s way of being in power and sole right. With all this how much room is left for simplicity, for a hearty laughter, for peace of mind which even a poor man with nothing can be seen enjoying. Given the fruits is it worth living for one’s petty arrogances, or is it better to live for others in which all that you have lost even returns.
If Ashram is one’s job, let us collaborate in whose Ashram it is and serve that. The Mother loves her children and She always wants the best for them, can’t we collaborate in that and open all the heavenly doors for us too in the process. What works for them is our agenda. No more what works for me for I am limitation and ignorance and have failed and will fail. What forwards the Divine movement is our only goal. It is not too difficult, is it?

Recommendations:
It works for people to come to Pondicherry for Darshan days and take part in the meditation and be around the magnificent that vibrates. For that the Mother had kept the timing for meditation from 10 am to 10.30 am. This gives people the necessary time if they are coming from a distance; it keeps the energy vibrant all day along as the peak time it is 10 am and not 6 am. And we won’t close doors as we do now just after the meditation in the school and declare it over and everybody has to be in the street even before breakfast. We give them the space for the divine Lila with the celebrity in the air as it has always been when the Mother was there.
We are not apart from the world, we are part of the world. If comfort and peace we seek we do it by embracing and not by closing doors. It is in the opening and sharing we manifest love, peace, harmony and express that reality. You are a trustee to serve the divine, and the divine is in the people, so you need to see what works for them, if you have personal likes and dislikes you have to consult it with the ever loving source, it is a collective working that has to be sought.
When I was in the school I remember how the Mother brought the best of talent from around the world to give us the best education. She constructed the state of the art guest house called Golconde for their temporary residence. In the evening I remember there was a choice which language class would you like to join, which drama or play would you like to participate in, which music instrument you would like to learn, with an ever spray of performers from all over India and around the world offering their show to the Ashram. There was life being lived, enchantment was a natural experience and wonder a constant play mate. Now this philosophy of closing doors what has it brought, even the Sri Aurobindo International Centre of Education has lost the International in it.

And who stays as permanent residence of Golconde the creators of new versions of the writings of Sri Aurobindo, the gang who wants to prove to the world Sri Aurobindo was not competent, his hand writing was bad, his eyesight was bad, his experiences were hallucinations and we will give you Sri Aurobindo as we want him to be and as we see him and we are the great ones, living greatly and who can question our position and power and anybody who raises an objection becomes dirt.
Where is our willingness for what is right, our commitment for the victory of the Divine, can we not serve the Divine and nothing else. Can we be strong enough to respect and live the life of Sri Aurobindo Ashram which the Mother has created and is creating for us? Sunil

Tuesday, May 10, 2011

I only go by as to what A.G. said and not by what others say


Comment on Sri Aurobindo’s letter to Moraji Desai by nirmalya ...students of AG at the National Council of Education Bengal. As I understand he also did not like that he should have devotees and even went to the extent of prohibiting prostration in front of his picture inside the Ashram. But unfortunately things did change. Please appreciate that we are dealing with a person who was beyond us and of course be... from Comments for Overman Foundation - May 7, 2011 (3 days ago)
Comment on Sri Aurobindo’s letter to Moraji Desai by bijan ghosh ...AG” for Sri Aurobindo. one may refer as “He” – if he thinks that writting “Sri Aurobindo” is consuming more space. Gandhi and his followers or disciples – are not the same. As told by an ashramite of early days, He refused to meet Gandhi, since in one birth, Gandhi was an asura, named Mur – and Lord annihilated him for which he got the title ... from Comments for Overman Foundation - May 7, 2011 (3 days ago)
Comment on The Last Photographs of Sri Aurobindo by nirmalya ...But then again why do we need to decipher so much from his looks and postures? It is all his and will never be ours. Rather we should appreciate his comforts and discomforts. Surely A.G. wouldn’t have liked it given my understanding of his attitude that I had read of but would have only smiled it off through his eyes for one of his million devot... from Comments for Overman Foundation - May 4, 2011 (6 days ago)
Comment on The Last Darshan Photographs of Sri Aurobindo by nirmalya ...Pranams to AG and Mira Richard on this day. May their Light continue to guide us and the humanity for a better and evolved Earth that they sought for…The Earth Consciousness.. from Comments for Overman Foundation - Apr 25, 2011 12:57 AM
Comment on Sri Aurobindo’s letter to Moraji Desai by nirmalya ...age comes when it is required and when it finally comes it goes into another `Self’… and then it is no longer required. A.G was also a firm believer in the philosophy of the Greek mystic philosopher `Epictetus’. Epictetus believed that consummation with a minor was evil. AG was 29 and Mrinalini 14. You are of course free to draw your conclus... from Comments for Overman Foundation - Apr 21, 2011 3:22 PM
Comment on Sri Aurobindo’s letter to Moraji Desai by Sandeep ...s Agenda October 20 1971 (“They have found some letters — some old letters — from Sri Aurobindo to Barin and the lawyer…). Anyway, I think we will close the discussion, unless you want to talk offline from Comments for Overman Foundation - Apr 22, 2011 3:48 PM
Comment on Sri Aurobindo’s letter to Moraji Desai by nirmalya ...agination floating all over the world. Therefore, I only go by as to what A.G. said and not by what others say. Hence it is better not to come to conclusions. We should try to respect the privacy of a man who really did not want that his life should be known to all. He had his reasons. Then why do we gather evidence floating around him in bits a... from Comments for Overman Foundation - Apr 20, 2011 1:22 PM
...and then again call her after 8 years saying ‘ amar siddhi labh hoyeche, tumi ebar aste paro’ ( I have achieved Siddhi and now you may come to Pondicherry )….But then why did he leave her without a notice.” Nirmalya: Let us not wildly imagine that A.G. did not want to disturb the `supramental atmosphere’ by not wanting to meet Gandhi. This is i... from Comments for Overman Foundation - Apr 19, 2011 7:00 PM
Comment on Sri Aurobindo’s letter to Moraji Desai by nirmalya ...agnum opus Life Divine and Savitri. As per Ashram records A.G. use to get many letters, small and big, and he never stood away from answering them however puerile the thoughts might be. Let us not wildly imagine that A.G. did not want to disturb the `supramental atmosphere’ by not wanting to meet Gandhi. This is iconoclastic oversimplification, ... from Comments for Overman Foundation - Apr 19, 2011 1:04 PM
Comment on Sri Aurobindo’s letter to Moraji Desai by nirmalya But where is Morarji’s letter. That would be even more interesting as to what prompted A.G. to write a letter to an avowed Gandhian. A.G. had refused to meet Gandhi but could afford to reply to his disciple as he also did in the case of Gandhi. Interesting piece of information for the researcher. from Comments for Overman Foundation - Apr 19, 2011 4:14 AM
Comment on Sri Aurobindo’s letter to Moraji Desai by Sandeep ...agraph makes it amply clear that Sri Aurobindo was giving general advice to an individual who had come to visit the Ashram. (“difficult for me to say anything definite without more precise data than those contained in your letter.”). Way back in 1935, Morarji Desai was NOT the well-carved-out personality we know him today. He was only a buddin... from Comments for Overman Foundation - Apr 19, 2011 4:14 AM
Comment on Reminiscences of Bhupal Chandra Bose, Sri Aurobindo’s father-in-law by nirmalya ...and then again call her after 8 years saying ‘ amar siddhi labh hoyeche, tumi ebar aste paro’ (I have achieved Siddhi and now you may come to Pondicherry ). As far I am aware of A.G. himself took the initiative and got an advertisement published in the newspaper for marriage. After that he went on to see almost 50 bengalee ladies and then fina... from Comments for Overman Foundation - Apr 4, 2011 3:40 PM